The Doshas or Bodily Humours
Dosha literally means ‘fault’ – it comes from ‘dush’ meaning ‘error’, and relates to the prefix ‘dys’ (from Greek), as in dysfunctional.
Vata is composed of air and ether and is the energy responsible for movement, circulation, the transport of nervous impulses and prana- the life force. People who are born with high amounts of Vata tend to feel flighty, anxiety-ridden and isolated.They are not good at managing their energy levels. They are prone to dry skin, constipation, pain, panic attacks, anorexia, addictions, and sciatica among other things when they are out of balance. When they are in balance, they are creative, clear, spontaneous, funny and always planning a trip somewhere new. Regularity, relaxation, warmth and sleep help to keep Vata in balance.
Pitta is composed of fire and water and is the energy responsible for metabolism, the digestive fire, (Agni) enzyme production and heat. People who are born with high amounts of Pitta tend to feel irritated, jealous, critical, self-critical, competitive, impatient and bitter when they are out of balance. They are prone to inflammations, skin, liver and eye disorders, heartburn, and sensitive teeth among other things. When they are in balance they are highly intellectual, leaders, brave, teachers, and love to be the centre of attention. They manage their energy well.
Kapha is composed of earth and water and is the energy responsible for storage, protection, lubrication, mucus and the production of fats and oils.People who are born with high amounts of Kapha tend to be greedy, apathetic, slow, heavy, and cloudy-headed when they are out of balance they are prone to hypothyroidism, obesity, clogged arteries, oily skin, and diabetes among other things.They tend to hoard and store their energy. When they are in balance they are compassionate, steady, articulate, healthy, sweet, and reliable, and love food, sleep, and laughter. Letting go, embracing change and activity as well as avoiding too much routine helps to keep Kapha in balance.